ICSE Grade 9 - BIOLOGY

ICSE Grade 9 BIOLOGY

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  • Introducing Biology
    Growth Of Biology
    Branches Of Biology - In Terms Of Major Kinds Of Organism, In Terms Of Special Groups Of Organisms, In Terms Of Approach On Studying It
    Applied Biology
    Study Of Biology Helps Us In Many Ways - Appreciation Of nature, Keeping Healthy
    Conservation Of Natural Resources
    Growing More Food
    Making Conscious Citizens
  • Cell: The Unit of Life
    Cell
    Invention Of Microscope And Discovery Of Cell
    Cell Theory
    Cell Shape And Numbers
    Structure Of A Cell - Protoplasm, Cytoplasm, Cell Wall, Cell Membrane, Nucleus, Nucleolus, Mitochondria, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Ribosome, Golgi bodies, Plastids, Lysosomes, Centrosome, Centrioles, Plastids And Vacuole
    Difference Between A Plant Cell And An Animal Cell
    Eukaryotic And Prokaryotic Cells
  • Tissues: Plant and Animal Tissues
    Plant Tissue
    Meristematic Tissue
    Permanent Tissues - Protective Tissue, Supporting Tissue, Collenchymas, Sclerenchyma, Parenchyma, Conducting Tissue, Xylem, Tracheids, Phloem
    Animal Tissue -
    Epithelial Tissue - Squamous, Stratified, Cuboidal, Columnar, Ciliated Columnar and Glandular
    Connective Tissue - Connective Tissue Proper - Areolar, Adipose, Fibrous Connective Tissue
    Supportive Connective Tissue - Cartilage, Bone
    Fluid Connective Tissue - Blood, Lymph
    Muscle Tissue - Striated Muscle, Unstriated Muscle, Heart Or Cardiac Muscle
    Nervous System Tissue
  • Vegetative Propagation and Micropropagation
    Artificial Vegetative Propagation - Cutting, Whip Grafting, Cleft Grafting, Budding And Mound Layering, Aerial Layering
    Advantage And Disadvantage Of Vegetative Propagation
    Economics Importance
    Hybridisation - Cross pollination, Somatic Cell Hybridisation, Intraspecific, Interspecific
    Micropropagation - Uses And Limitation
    Somatic Cell Hybridisation
    Biotechnology And Its Application In Medicine And Industry - By Using Natural Microorganism, By Using Genetically Engineered Microorganism, Recombinant DNA
    Application Of Genetic Engineering
    Transgenic Organism
  • The Flower
    Structure Of A Bisexual Flower
    Complete And Incomplete Flower
    Sexuality In Flowers
    General Description Of The Floral Parts - Calyx, Corolla, Androecium, Gynoecium, Stigma, Style, Ovary, Ovule, Placenta
    Inflorescence And Placentation
  • Pollination and Fertilization
    Pollination
    Self Pollination And Cross Pollination - Advantages And Disadvantages
    Unisexuality
    Dichogamy
    Self Sterility
    Heterostyly
    Agents Of Cross Pollination - Insect Pollinated or Entomophilous, Wind Pollinated or Anemophilous, Water Pollinated or Hydrophilous, Bird Pollinated or Ornithophily, Artificial Pollination
    Example Of Pollination - Insect Pollinated Sweet Pea, Wind Pollinated Maize
    Fertilization - Flowering Plants, Pollen Grain, Ovule, Double Fertilization
    Germination Of Pollen Grain
    Fate Of Floral Parts After Fertilization
  • Seeds-Structure and Germination
    Classification And Structure Of Seeds - Bean Seed, Maize Seed, Monocotyledonous Seed, Dicotyledonous Seed, Albuminous, Exalbuminous Seeds
    Germination
    Conditions Necessary For Germination - Water, Suitable Temperature
    Experiments On Germination - To Prove - Water, Suitable Temperature And Oxygen Is Important, Three Bean Seed Experiment
    Types Of Germination - Hypogeal And Epigeal Germination. Seedling
  • Respiration in Plants
    Respiration
    Respiration Vs. Burning
    Plant Respiration
    Aerobic And Anaerobic Respiration
    Experiments On Respiration In Plants - To Prove - Oxygen Is Used And Carbon Dioxide Is Produced, Heat Is Evolved
    To Demonstrate Anaerobic Respiration
    Difference Between Respiration And Photosynthesis
  • Ecosystems
    Pond Ecosystem
    Forest -Flora And Fauna Of Forest Ecosystem - Tropical Rain Forest, Temperate Deciduous Forests, Coniferous Forest
    Components Of An Ecosystem - Biotic, Abiotic Components, Trophic Level, Decomposers
    Food Chain
    Food Web
    Food Pyramids
  • Five Kingdom Classification
    Species
    Categories Higher Than Species - Genus, Family, Order, Class, Phylum, Kingdom
    Drawbacks Of The Old Two Kingdom Classification
    Five Kingdom Classification - Monera, Protista, Fungi. Plantae, Animalia
    Naming An Organism -Binomial Nomenclature
    Invertebrate - Phylum - Porifera, Cnidaria, Coelenterate, Platyhelminthes, Nematode, Annelid, Arthropoda, Mollusc, Echinodermata
    Vertebrate - Phylum - Chordate
    Classes - Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves, Mammalian
  • Economic Importance of Bacteria and Fungi
    Bacteria - A General Study
    Useful Role Of Bacteria In Medicine - Antibiotics, Serums, Vaccines, Toxoids
    Bacteria - Role In Agriculture - Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria - Nitrifying Bacteria, Denitrifying Bacteria
    Bacteria - Role In Industry
    Spoilage Of Food By Bacteria
    Bacterial Diseases In Plants And Animals
    Bioweapons
    Economic Importance Of Fungi - Moulds, Yeast
    Useful And Harmful Fungi - Antibiotics, Wine, Baking, Cheese, Mushroom Cultivation
  • Nutrition
    Nutrition
    Classification Of Nutrients - Carbohydrates- Sugars, Starch, Fats, Proteins, Mineral Salts, Vitamins, Water
    Balanced Diet
  • Digestive System
    Digestive System -Mouth, Teeth, Structure Of Tooth, Salivary Glands, Swallowing And Peristalsis, Oesophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Bile, Pancreatic Juice, Large Intestine
    Assimilation Of Food
    Liver
    Experiments On Digestion
    Practical Work On Food Test - Test For Glucose, Starch, Protein, Fats And Oils
  • Movement and Locomotion
    Functions Of Human Skeleton
    Constituents Of Skeleton
    Axial Skeleton - Skull, Vertebral Column, Neck, Cervical Vertebrae, Ribs, Sternum
    Appendicular Skeleton - Limbs, Girdles
    Joints - Immovable Joints, Partially Movable Joints, Free Movable Joints, Synovial Joint
    Muscle - Voluntary, Involuntary, Cardiac
    Lever Mechanism
  • Skin-The Jack of All Trades
    Function Of Skin
    Skin Proper - Epidermis, Dermis
    Derivatives Of Skin - Hair, Nails, Sebaceous Glands, Sweat Glands, Mammary Glands
    Heat Production
    Heat Loss
    Temperature Regulation
  • The Respiratory System
    The Need For Respiration
    Animal Needs Energy - Glucose
    Aerobic And Anaerobic Respiration
    Parts Of Respiration
    Respiratory Organ - Nose, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi, Lungs
    Blood Supply To The Lungs
    Breathing - Respiratory Cycle
    Control Of Breathing Movements
    Capacity Of The Lungs
    Inspired And Expired Air
    Effect Of Altitude On Breathing
    Hypoxia And Asphyxiation
    Experiments On Breathing
  • Diseases: Cause and Control
    Categories Of Diseases Based On Communicability - Non Communicable Or non Infectious And Communicable Or Infectious Disease
    Diseases Caused By Bacteria - Tuberculosis, Cholera, Tetanus, Syphilis
    Diseases Caused By Parasitic Worms - Common Roundworm, Tapeworms
    Viral Disease - Poliomyelitis, Mumps, Rabies, HIV or AIDS
  • Hygiene-(A key to healthy life)
    Simple Personal Hygiene - Cleanliness, Physical Exercise, Rest And Sleep, Healthy Habits
    Social Hygiene And Sanitation - Control Of Disease Carriers or Vectors
    Housefly And Its Control
    Mosquito And Its Control
    Cockroaches And Its Control
    Contamination Of Water And Water Borne Disease - Cholera, Dysentery, Hepatitis
  • Waste Generation and Management
    Waste
    Categories Of Waste -Domestic Waste, Industrial Waste, Agricultural Waste, Municipal Waste, E-Waste
    Scientific Teaching And Research Laboratories Waste
    Methods Of Safe Disposal Of Waste - Segregation, Dumping, Composting, Drainage
    Treatment Of Effluents Before Discharge - Incineration. Scrubbers. Electrostatic Precipitators
  • Featured Test