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  • Periodic Table
    Classification Of Elements: Dobereiners Traids, Newlands Octave, Mendeleeff, Moseley
    Modern Periodic Table : Atomic Size, Metallic Character, Non-Metallic Character, Ionisation Potential, Electron Affinity, Electronegativity
    Periodicity On The Basis Of Atomic Number For Elements : Group 1,2,3 And Halogens
  • Chemical Bonding
    Electrovalent, Covalent And Co-Ordinate Bonding
    Structures Of Various Compounds - Orbit Structure And Electron Dot Structure
    Definition Of Electrovalent Bond; Structure Of Electrovalent Compounds Nacl, Mgcl2, CaO
    Characteristic Properties Of Electrovalent Compounds - State Of Existence, Melting And Boiling Points, Conductivity (Heat And Electricity), Ionisation In Solution, Dissociation In Solution And In Molten
    Covalent Bond - Definition And Examples, Structure Of Covalent Molecules On The Basis Of Duplet And Octet Of Electrons
    Characteristic Properties Of Covalent Compounds - State Of Existence, Melting And Boiling Points, Conductivity of Heat And Electricity, Ionisation In Solution
    Comparison Of Electrovalent And Covalent Compounds
    Definition Of Coordinate Bond: The Lone Pair Effect Of The Oxygen Atom Of The Water Molecule And The Nitrogen Atom Of The Ammonia Molecule
    To Explain The Formation Of $H_{3}O^+$ And $OH^-$ Ions In Water And $NH_{4}^+$ Ion
  • Acids, Bases and Salts
    Simple Definitions And Their Characteristic Properties
    Classification On The Basis Of Strength - Strong Acid, Weak Acid, Strong Alkali, Weak Alkali, Concentration - Dilute And Concentrated Alkali And Acid, Basicity - Mono, Di And Tri Basic Acids And Mono, Di And Tri Acidic Base
    Ions Present In Mineral Acids, Alkalis And Salts And Their Solutions
    Use Of Litmus And pH Paper To Test For Acidity And Alkalinity
    Formation Of Hydronium And Hydroxyl Ions : Arrhenius Theory, Lowry - Bronsted's Theory
    The Ionisation/Dissociation Of Ions Of Acids, Bases And Salts
    Salts Formed By Partial Or Complete Replacement Of The Hydrogen Ion Of An Acid By A Metal
    Introduction To pH Scale : Test For Acidity, Neutrality And Alkalinity By Using Ph Paper Or Universal Indicator
    Formation Of Acid Rain
    Types Of Salts: Normal Salts, Acid Salt, Basic Salt
    General Properties Of Salts: Deliquescence, Efflorescence, Water Of Crystallization
    Decomposition Of Hydrogen Carbonates, Carbonates, Chlorides And Nitrates By Appropriate Acids
    Action Of Dilute Acids On Carbonates, Hydrogen Carbonates And Action Of Concentrated Acid
    Laboratory Preparation Of Salts: Direct Combination, Decomposition, Displacement, Double Decomposition, Neutralization, Titration, Copper Sulphate, Sodium Sulphate, Iron Sulphate, Zinc Sulphate, Iron Chloride, Lead Chloride, Calcium Chloride
  • Analytical Chemistry
    Colour Of Salt And Its Solution
    Action On Addition Of Sodium Hydroxide To Solution Of Ca, Fe, Cu, Zn, And Pb Salts
    Action On Addition Of Ammonium Hydroxide To Solution Of Ca, Fe, Cu, Zn, And Pb Salts
    Special Action Of Ammonium Hydroxide On Solutions Of Copper Salts And Sodium Hydroxide On Ammonium Salts
  • Mole Concept and Stoichiometry
    Gas Law, Gay Lussac's
    Law Of Combining Volumes
    Avogadro's Law
    Relative Atomic Masses And Relative Molecular Masses
    Relating Mole And Atomic Mass
    Relating Mole And Molecular Mass
    Vapour Density
    Percentage Composition
    Deduction Of Empirical And Molecular Formula From The Percentage Composition Of A Compound
  • Electrolysis
    Electrolytes And Non-Electrolytes
    Terms Involved In Electrolysis - Non-Electrolyte; Electrolysis, Electrolyte, Electrode, Anode, Cathode, Anion, Cation, Oxidation And Reduction
    Electrolytic Dissociation Of Ionic Compound - Nacl
    Ionisation Of Covalent Compound - Hcl
    Electrochemical Series
    Selective Discharge Of Ions
    An Elementary Study Of The Migration Of Ions - Selective Discharge Of Ions, Illustrated By The Electrolysis Of: Molten Lead Bromide; Acidified Water With Platinum
    Applications Of Electrolysis: Electroplating With Nickel And Silver; Purification Of Copper
    Choice Of Electrolyte For Electroplating
    Reasons And Conditions For Electroplating
    Names Of The Electrolytes And The Electrodes Used
    Equations For The Reactions At The Electrodes
    Refining Of Copper
  • Metallurgy
    Definition Of Metals And Non-Metals
    Position Of The Metals In The Periodic Table And General Characteristics Applied To Elements - Occurrence, Nature, Bonding, Action Of Air, Action Of Water, Action Of Acids
    Comparison Of Metals And Non-Metals - Physical Properties like State, Lustre, Melting Point, Density, Ductility, Malleability, Brittleness and Conduction Of Electricity, Chemical Properties
    Extraction Of Metals Based On The Activity Series- Principle Of Extraction Of Metal From Its Compounds By Reduction - Carbon Reduction, Electrolytic Reduction, Concentration Of The Ore, Magnetic Separation, Gangue, Froth Floatation Method, Hydrolytic Method, Roasting, Calcinations, Thermal Decomposition
    Metals And Their Alloys: Occurrence Of Metals In Nature - Mineral And Ore. Common Ores Of Iron, Aluminium And Zinc
    Dressing Of The Ore - Hydrolytic Method, Magnetic Separation, Froth Flotation Method, Chemical Method By Using Chemical - NaOH For Purifying Bauxite - Baeyer's Process
    Extraction Of Aluminium: The Constituents In The Charge, Method Of Electrolytic Extraction
    Structure Of Electrolytic Cell And Reason For Using Cryolite, Electrolyte, Electrodes, Electrode Reaction, Hall Heroult's Process
    Uses Of Iron, Aluminium And Zinc And Their Alloys
    Composition Of Their Alloys - Steel, Duralumin, Brass
    Corrosion Of Iron And Its Prevention - Reaction Of Corrosion, Prevention
    Important Alloys And Their Uses - Bronze, Fuse Metal And Solder
  • Study of Compounds
    Hydrogen Chloride
    Preparation Of Hydrogen Chloride From Sodium Chloride
    Physical And Chemical Properties Of HCl Gas
    Experiment To Show The Density Of The Gas - Heavier Than Air, Solubility Of Hydrogen Chloride by Fountain Experiment; Reaction With Ammonia
    Acidic Properties Of Its Solution - Reaction With Metals, Their Oxides, Hydroxides And Carbonates To Give Their Chlorides
    Decomposition Of - Carbonates, Hydrogen Carbonates, Sulphides, Sulphites, Thiosulphates And Nitrates
    Test For HCl And Uses Of HCl
    Ammonia -
    Laboratory Preparation Of Ammonia And Collection;
    Manufacture By Haber's Process
    Density And Solubility Of Ammonia by Fountain Experiment
    Aqueous Solution Of Ammonia's Reaction With - Sulphuric Acid, Nitric Acid, Hydrochloric Acid And Solutions Of Iron(III) Chloride, Iron(II) Sulphate, Lead Nitrate, Zinc Nitrate And Copper Sulphate)
    Reactions With - Hydrogen Chloride, Hot Copper (II) Oxide, With Chlorine In Excess And Ammonia In Excess, Burning Of Ammonia In Oxygen
    Uses Of Ammonia- Manufacture Of Fertilizers, Explosives, Nitric Acid, Refrigerant Gas like Chlorofluro Carbon And Its Suitable Alternatives Which Are Non-Ozone Depleting, Cleansing Agents, Source Of Hydrogen
    Nitric Acid -
    Laboratory Method Of Preparation Of Nitric Acid From Potassium Nitrate Or Sodium Nitrate
    Ostwald's Process
    Physical And Chemical Properties
    Oxidising Agent - Its Reaction With Copper, Carbon, Sulphur
    Test For Nitric Acid And Nitrates
    Uses Of Nitric Acid
    Sulphuric Acid -
    Manufacture By Contact Process
    Its Behaviour As An Acid When Dilute - Reaction With Metal, Metal Oxide, Metal Hydroxide, Metal Carbonate, Metal Bicarbonate, Metal Sulphite, Metal Sulphide
    Concentrated Sulphuric Acid As An Oxidizing Agent - The Oxidation Of Carbon And Sulphur
    Concentrated Sulphuric Acid As A Dehydrating Agent - The Dehydration Of Sugar, Copper(II) Sulphate Crystals
    Non-Volatile Nature Of Sulphuric Acid - Reaction With Sodium Or Potassium Chloride And Sodium Or Potassium Nitrate
    Chemical And Physical Properties of Sulphuric acid
    Uses Of Sulphuric Acid
  • Organic Chemistry
    Introduction To Organic Compounds
    Unique Nature Of Carbon Atom - Tetra Valency, Catenation, Formation Of Single, Double And Triple Bonds, Straight Chain, Branched Chain, Cyclic Compounds
    Structure And Isomerism : Structure Of Compounds With Single, Double And Triple Bonds
    Isomerism - Structural, Chain, Position
    Homologous Series - Characteristics With Examples, Alkane, Alkene, Alkyne Series And Their Gradation In Properties And The Relationship With The Molecular Mass Or Molecular Formula
    Simple Nomenclature: Hydrocarbons With Simple Functional Groups - Double Bond, Triple Bond, Alcoholic, Ether, Aldehydic, Keto, Carboxylic Group
    Longest Chain Rule And Smallest Number For Functional Groups Rule - Trivial And IUPAC Names
    Hydrocarbons: Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes
    Alkanes - General Formula
    Methane And Ethane - Methods Of Preparation From Sodium Ethanoate, Sodium Propanoate, From Iodomethane And Bromoethane
    Oxidation Of Methane And Ethane In Presence Of Oxygen Under Suitable Conditions
    Reaction Of Methane And Ethane With Chlorine Through Substitution
    Alkenes - Methods Of Preparation Of Ethene By Dehydro Halogenation Reaction And Dehydration Reactions
    Alkynes - Methods Of Preparation From Calcium Carbide And 1,2 Dibromoethane Ethylene
    Properties of Alkynes
    Alcohols - Preparation of Ethanol - Hydration Of Ethane, By Hydrolysis Of Alkyl Halide
    Physical properties- Nature, Solubility, Density, Boiling Points
    Chemical properties - Combustion, Oxidation With Acidified Potassium Dichromate, Action With Sodium, Ester Formation With Acetic Acid, Dehydration With Conc. Sulphuric Acid;
    Uses of alcohols
    Carboxylic Acids - Acetic Acid Preparation
    Physical Properties - Odour (Vinegar), Glacial Acetic Acid
    . Chemical Properties - Action With Litmus, Alkalis And Alcohol
    Uses Of Acetic Acid
  • Practical Chemistry
    Identification Of Gases - Neutral, Acidic And Basic Gases
    Tests For Cation
    Flame Test
    Anions tests
    Distinction Between Acidic And Alkaline Solution
    Use Of pH
    Action Of Alkalis On Certain Metals And Their Oxides
  • Featured Test