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  • Chemical Reactions and Equations
    Chemical equation
    Balanced chemical equation and its implications
    Reactivity series
    Types of chemical reactions - Combination, Exothermic, Endothermic, Decomposition, Thermal Decomposition, Displacement, Double Displacement, Precipitation, Neutralization, Redox, Oxidation And Reduction
    Effect of Oxidation reactions - Corrosion, Rancidity
  • Acids, Bases and Salts
    Introduction to litmus solution and indicators
    Reaction of acid and base with - Metals, Metal Carbonates and Metal Hydrogen Carbonates
    Neutralization reaction - acid with base, metallic oxide with acids, non metallic oxides with base
    Definitions of acid and bases in terms of $H^+$ and $OH^-$ ions
    Reaction of acid in water to form Hydronium ion
    Acid and Bases - General properties, Strength, examples and uses
    Concept of pH scale
    Importance of pH in everyday life
    Preparation and uses of - Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris
  • Metals and Non-Metals
    Properties of metals and non-metals - metallic lustre, malleability, ductility, conductivity, sonorous
    Reaction of metals and non metals to form - metal oxide, metal hydroxide, metal salts
    Reactivity series
    Displacement reaction
    Formation and properties of ionic compounds
    Basic metallurgical processes - Extraction of metals, Enrichment of Ores, Roasting, Calcinations, Electrolytic refining
    Corrosion and its prevention
  • Carbon and its Compounds
    Covalent bonding in carbon compounds - single bond, double bond and triple bond
    Versatile nature of carbon
    Allotropes of carbon - graphite, diamond, buckminsterfullerene
    Homologous series
    Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups - halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes
    Difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons
    Chemical properties of carbon compounds - combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction
    Study of Carbon compound - Ethanol and Ethanoic acid, soaps and detergents
  • Periodic Classification of Elements
    Need for classification - Dobereiner's Triads, Newland's Law of Octaves, Mendeleev's Periodic Table, Modern periodic table
    Gradation in properties of Modern Periodic Table - Valency, Atomic Size, Position, Atomic Number, Metallic And Non-Metallic Properties
  • Life Processes
    Introduction to Living Being
    Basic concept of Nutrition- Autotrophic in plants and Heterotrophic in Amoeba and human being
    Respiration- Aerobic and Anaerobic, (fermentation)
    Transportation in animals and plants
    Excretion in plants and animals
  • Control and Coordination
    Tropic movements in plants and respond due to Stimulus
    Introduction of plant hormones
    Control and co-ordination in animals - Nervous system, Voluntary, involuntary and Reflex action, Human Brain
    Chemical co-ordination through hormones - Thyroxin, Growth Hormone, Testosterone, Oestrogen, Insulin
  • How do Organisms Reproduce?
    Importance of reproduction and variation
    Reproduction in single organism by Asexual Reproduction - Fission, Multiple Fission, Fragmentation, Regeneration, Budding, Vegetative Propagation by Layering, Grafting, and Budding, Spore Formation, Tissue Culture
    Sexual Reproduction - Flowering plants, Humans Male reproductive system, Humans
    Female reproductive system
    Reproductive health- need and methods of family planning, Safe sex by Mechanical Barriers
    Safe sex by Surgical Methods
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases - AIDS, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis
  • Heredity and Evolution
    Variation in reproduction
    Mendel's contribution- Laws for Inheritance of Traits
    Sex determination in humans
    Basic concepts of evolution
    Acquired and Inherited Traits
    Evolution and classification- tracing Evolutionary relationships, Fossils
    Evolution by stages
    Human Evolution
  • Light-Reflection and Refraction
    Light - Electromagnetic waves, Important properties of electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic nature of light waves
    Reflection of light - Laws of reflection of lights, Optical image, Real image, virtual image
    Mirror - Properties of image formed by a plane mirror, Lateral inversion, Definitions in connection with spherical mirrors, Mirror formula
    Refraction of light - Refraction of light, Laws of refraction of light, refractive index, relative refractive index, Refraction through a rectangular glass slab
    Lens - Lens formula, Linear magnification of a spherical lens, Power of lens, Power of a lens combination
  • Human Eye and Colourful World
    Human Eye - Cornea, Iris, Pupil, Eye lens, Retina, Accommodation, Range of normal vision, Least distance of distinct vision
    Defects of vision - Myopia, hypermetropia, Presbyopia, Astigmatism
    Scattering of light - Tyndall effect, Blue colour of the sky
  • Electricity
    Electric current - Frictional electricity, Positive and negative charges, Fundamental law of electrostatics, Coulomb's law
    Potential difference - Potential difference between two points, One volt potential, One volt potential difference
    Factors on which resistance of a conductor depends - Resistance, Resistivity, Resistances in series, Resistances in parallel.
  • Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
    Magnetic Field - Magnetic field around a straight current carrying conductor, Factors on which magnetic field produced by straight current carrying, Magnetic field of a circular current carrying coil
    Fleming's Rule - Fleming's left hand rule, Fleming's right hand rule
    Types of Current - Direct Current, Alternating Current
  • Sources of Energy
    Sources of energy
    Different forms of energy
    Conventional and non-conventional sources of energy
    Renewable versus non-renewable sources
  • Our Environment
    Eco-system - Food chain, Food web
    Environmental problems- Ozone depletion
    Waste production and their solutions - Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances
  • Management of Natural Resources
    Conservation and judicious use of natural resources - pollution of Ganga
    Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
    Forest and wild life- Stakeholders, Sustainable Management
    Water - Dams, Water Harvesting
    Coal and Petroleum conservation
  • Featured Test